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Contributing USMA Research Unit(s)

Behavioral Sciences and Leadership

Publication Date



The Case Journal

Document Type



The concept of emotional intelligence (EI) has received an increasing amount of focus in recent years from psychological, sociological and organizational scientists (Côté, 2014). However, while researchers from these various disciplines have endeavored to explain the variance between outcomes of interest (e.g. effectiveness as a leader) and a person’s general mental ability or personality, the way these scientists have conceptualized EI has not always been in complete agreement (Livingstone and Day, 2005). The most popular competing models in existence fall into one of two general categories: ability-based or mixed-model (Mayer et al., 2000, 2008). The ability-based conceptualization of EI views EI as a set of several skills or capacities related to perceiving, understanding, facilitating and managing emotions, and views EI as a classically defined intelligence or aptitude (like traditional IQ). This ability-based conceptualization posits that EI can be developed over time or through training (Van Rooy and Viswesvaran, 2004).

Publisher City

Bingly, United Kingdom


Emotional Intelligence, Military Leadership



General Patton and Lieutenant Winters: a contrast in leadership



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