Critical Thinking, Logic, Mathematical Reasoning, Inductive Reasoning, Military Education


Critical thinking is frequently identified as an important trait for military officers. This paper examines critical thinking from a historical, pedagogical, and warfighting perspective. The author uses his experience teaching mathematical reasoning at the Naval Postgraduate School to provide helpful advice for educators charged with teaching deductive and inductive reasoning. The paper argues that critical thinking should be taught early in an officer's career. It emphasizes a systematic and Socratic instructional approach along with the importance of equipping students with the necessary tools to evaluate problem-solving techniques and critique their associated solutions. Finally, the paper discusses Augmented Intelligence and the growing need to adopt a more holistic view of the combined Human and Machine-Learning decision making system.