Title

Reference Values for the Headache Impact Test-6 Questionnaire.

Contributing USMA Research Unit(s)

Faculty Learning Innovation Collaboration and Research

Publication Date

12-1-2021

Publication Title

Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation

Document Type

Article

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) in a young, physically active cohort and to examine the influence of sex, concussion history, headache history, and competitive sport level on HIT-6 scores.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

SETTING: United States Service Academy.

PARTICIPANTS: United States Service Academy cadets (N=2678) completed an HIT-6 questionnaire as part of their annual concussion baseline assessment. Cadets with a recent concussion were excluded from baseline testing.

INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reference values were calculated and stratified by sex, concussion history, headache history, and competitive sport level. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to examine the effect of sex, concussion history, headache history, and competitive sport level on HIT-6 scores (P<.05).

RESULTS: Of the 3599 cadets baselined, 2687 cadets (23% female) agreed to participate in the study and completed the HIT-6. Female participants reported significantly worse HIT-6 scores compared with male participants both with (P

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to stratify HIT-6 data by sex, concussion history, headache history, and sport level in a collegiate population at risk for concussions. Sex and headache history appear to influence HIT-6 scores and should be given special consideration when interpreting health-related quality of life deficits due to headache.

First Page

2369

Record links to items hosted by external providers may require fee for full-text.

Share

COinS