Reference Values for the Headache Impact Test-6 Questionnaire.
Contributing USMA Research Unit(s)
Faculty Learning Innovation Collaboration and Research
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) in a young, physically active cohort and to examine the influence of sex, concussion history, headache history, and competitive sport level on HIT-6 scores.
SETTING: United States Service Academy.
PARTICIPANTS: United States Service Academy cadets (N=2678) completed an HIT-6 questionnaire as part of their annual concussion baseline assessment. Cadets with a recent concussion were excluded from baseline testing.
INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reference values were calculated and stratified by sex, concussion history, headache history, and competitive sport level. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to examine the effect of sex, concussion history, headache history, and competitive sport level on HIT-6 scores (P<.05).
RESULTS: Of the 3599 cadets baselined, 2687 cadets (23% female) agreed to participate in the study and completed the HIT-6. Female participants reported significantly worse HIT-6 scores compared with male participants both with (P
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to stratify HIT-6 data by sex, concussion history, headache history, and sport level in a collegiate population at risk for concussions. Sex and headache history appear to influence HIT-6 scores and should be given special consideration when interpreting health-related quality of life deficits due to headache.
Houston, Megan N; Bookbinder, Haley A; Roach, Sean P; Ross, Jeremy D; Aderman, Michael J; Peck, Karen Y; Malvasi, Steven R; Svoboda, Steven J; and Cameron, Kenneth L, "Reference Values for the Headache Impact Test-6 Questionnaire." (2021). West Point Research Papers. 586.
Record links to items hosted by external providers may require fee for full-text.