Artificial Intelligence, Real Risks: Understanding - And Mitigating - Vulnerabilities in the Military Use of AI

Contributing USMA Research Unit(s)

Army Cyber Institute, Modern War Institute

Publication Date

Winter 1-18-2022

Publication Title

Modern War Institute

Document Type



Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming ubiquitous in daily life, and war is no exception to the trend. Given the role of AI and machine learning in strategic competition, it is critical that we understand both the risks introduced by these systems and their ability to create a strategic advantage. Here, we explore adversarial methods used to exploit vulnerabilities in AI models through a base example of target identification. We also discuss ways in which these risks can be mitigated. From this analysis, we conclude that humans must remain in the loop when operationalizing AI, and that we must continue to invest in and encourage the ethical use of AI.

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