Open-Source Data is Everywhere—Except The Army’s Concept of Information Advantage

Contributing USMA Research Unit(s)

Army Cyber Institute

Publication Date

Summer 5-24-2022

Publication Title

Modern War Institute

Document Type



The conflict in Ukraine showed that information environment is becoming a key domain during global competition and conflict. In this article we evaluate the state of the United States Army’s efforts to develop its information advantage doctrine to address the emergent risks in the information environment. We conclude that the current doctrine does not address the vast collection and weaponization of open-source data on individuals which has the potential to harm the ability of modern militaries like the United States Army to fulfill its national security mission. To address this challenge, we argue that the Army must develop a dedicated data risk management framework to enable commanders to understand the operational risks created by open-source data to succeed in modern Multi-Domain Operations.

Record links to items hosted by external providers may require fee for full-text.